Basketball is game played by two times of five players each making it ten total. Their goal is to shoot a ball into the hoop of their opponent which is positioned ten feet above the ground. This sport has been around for more than centuries and was initially invented in 1800 by James Naismith (1861–1939) on or about December 1, 1891, at the International Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) Training School (now Springfield College), Springfield, Massachusetts, where Naismith was an instructor in physical education.

The game is a fun and usually takes about 45 minutes to determine the winner. If after the 45 minutes the score doesn’t align the teams play multiple five-minute overtime periods until a winner is decided. In levels below collegiate/Olympic play, an overtime period is half the length of a standard quarter, i.e., four minutes for high school varsity.

When scoring point there are ways to how it is recorded.

  • If a shot is successfully scored from outside of the three-point line, three points are awarded.
  • If a shot is successfully scored from inside of the three-point line, two points are awarded.
  • If a team is awarded a technical foul then they will receive between one and three free shots. Each shot scored will be awarded with one point.

Below are also list of rules to be followed in a game of basketball.

  • There are maximum of five players in each team on the court.
  • Substitution for players can be made at any time and no restriction on the number of substitutions you want to make.
  • A ball can travel through dribbling or passing.
  • A player is no longer able to dribble with the ball once the player puts two hands on the ball. This does not include catching. At this point, a player must either pass or shoot.
  • A team has 10 seconds to get a ball to their opponent end after possessing it, if not a foul will be called.
  • An attacking team has 24 seconds from gaining possession of the ball to shoot at the basket.
  • The clock is restarted for another 24 seconds, after the shot is taken
  • After a team scores a basket, the ball is returned back to the opposition to start again.
  • All fouls that are committed throughout a game are to be accumulated and when a certain number is reached, the umpire will award a free throw.
  • The umpire may award a number of free throws a player will receive depending on where a technical foul is committed.
  • Violations can be awarded by the officials in basketball for player handling errors. These include travelling, double dribble, goal-tending and back court violation.
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During an official basketball game there are usually two referees, scorekeeper, timekeeper and a shot clock operator this is to enable everyone to be aware of every decision made and also make sure there are no partiality in the game. The referees also uses hand and arm gesture to let people know what is going on in the game.